What is the relationship between political power and political representation in Europe today and how has this evolved over the past five decades? Which stakeholders have been involved in drafting, passing and implementing policies at European, national and sub-national level since the 1970s in what has become the European Union? What have been the preferences and the constraints of the actors engaged in the policy process? The course provides analysis and aims to stimulate debates about key political processes in Europe, relating both to the 'project' of EU integration and to domestic policy challenges from the perspective of an evolving citizen – elected representative relationship. 

The seminar introduces research on European Union countries relying on state-of-the-art literature in the field. On the one hand, the course aims to familiarize students with classic texts and recent publications in comparative European politics. On the other hand, it will help students develop their own research paper. Students learn how to be effective participants in public policymaking as analysts, administrators, or advocates. By the end of the course, students should acquire analytical tools to analyze the political environment conducive to public policy in Europe.